“Mental disorder” is a very straightforward term; it refers to the malfunctioning of mental processes. Common psychological problems that fall under this category include major depression, anxiety and mood disorders, and schizophrenia.

People who suffer from these conditions, whether they are diagnosed or not, will likely attempt to alleviate their symptoms. Unfortunately, many people do so by using drugs and alcohol to counteract the effects of their disorders. An individual who does this is risking the addition of a substance abuse disorder to their pre-existing mental condition.

Substance Abuse

Substance abuse disorders describe an unhealthy use of alcohol or other drugs such as sedatives, stimulants, or opiates. Substance use becomes substance abuse when it interferes with a person’s social relationships, job, or school-related responsibilities; a person is regarded as “dependent” when tolerance develops and withdrawal symptoms are noticed after cessation of use of the drug or alcohol.

Individuals who abuse substances face the possibility of developing a mental disorder as a result. People who spend the majority of their time under the influence of drugs or alcohol may develop mood disorders because they are unable to regulate their body or emotions without their substance of choice. This behavior leads to co-occurring mental health issues by coupling a newly developed mental disorder with the previously existing substance abuse patterns.
Living with co-occurring mental health issues is not an easy task, and there are numerous consequences to be faced by those who do not seek treatment, do not receive appropriate treatment, or are never diagnosed at all.

Those who do not receive adequate treatment for their co-occurring mental health issues have a higher risk of being homeless, going to jail, or committing suicide. This is very unfortunate because all of these possibilities result the affected individual being further removed from treatment.

Because of the interactions between variables, co-occurring mental health issues are complex; thus, they must be treated with an integrated approach that focuses on all aspects of the disorders at the same time. Improving just one of the health issues will not necessarily improve the other in turn.

Effective treatment of co-occurring mental health issues includes: Screening for disorders, assessment, treatment planning, and a personalized, integrated treatment followed by continuous post-treatment attention. These combinations of disorders present intimidating challenges; however, with the proper treatment, individuals with these disorders can take control again and radically improve the quality of their lives.

PTSD Therapy

PTSD, or Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, is a serious condition that plagues countless people who have been through a traumatic experience. The loss of a loved one, a near death experience, and physical or emotional abuse are all common triggers for this disorder, which can seriously impact the quality of life of a person who has undergone such tragedies. Fortunately, there are steps that victims can take in order to combat their condition; one effective step that can be taken is PTSD therapy, which can be delivered in various different ways.

Cognitive Therapy

Cognitive therapy is designed to seek out the irrationalities in patients’ thought patterns. Once these irrationalities, or “cognitive distortions” are identified, the therapist then attempts to replace them with more constructive, realistic thinking. The goal of Cognitive PTSD therapy is to change the way the victim thinks about the traumatic experience, and life since the incident. Therapists also help the patient cope with the negative and intrusive feelings that are experienced in victims of PTSD. Cognitive-Behavioral therapy, a larger category of cognitive therapy, have proven to be very effective forms of psychotherapy, especially in regards to specific, structured guides to recovery.


EMDR stands for Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing. This form of PTSD therapy is relatively new and not as well understood as other types. Nonetheless, it appears to be effective in treating PTSD. EMDR therapy has patients think about their traumatic memories while also paying attention to unrelated stimuli such as eye movements, sounds, or hand tapping. Rhythmic stimulation is thought to counteract the negative “freezing” effect that stress has on the brain’s information processing centers. Just as with other PTSD therapies, EMDR attempts to alter the way the patient reacts to memories of his or her trauma.

Exposure Therapy

Exposure therapy is a confrontational type of PTSD therapy. The goal is to desensitize the victim to the upsetting memories and feelings that he or she may be facing because of the traumatic experience. Since irrational fear is a learned behavior, exposure therapists seek to have their patients “unlearn” the conditioned fear response, and instead take control over the feelings associated with the trauma. This is done by repeated discussions about the traumatic event; with each discussion, the memory will be less overwhelming and the patient will have an increasingly enhanced ability to keep his or her feelings under control.

Family Therapy

When recovering from PTSD, it is important to have a strong social support system. One type of PTSD therapy that emphasizes this is family therapy. Irrational feelings of insecurity and danger bog down PTSD victims, so it is up to the victim’s’ family and friends to be a constant reminder that everything is alright. Family therapy seeks to facilitate conversation about symptoms between everyone who is affected by the condition, whether directly or indirectly. The feelings of a PTSD sufferer may be hard even for the victim to understand, so it stands to reason that loved ones would benefit from an open process of communication.

Relaxation Therapy

When attempting to deal with the stresses of the world, it’s often difficult to move past all of what’s going on and to try and unwind. This is exactly why it’s so necessary for an individual to undergo relaxation therapy. The different relaxation therapy services are going to ensure that an individual, such as yourself or a loved one, is going to be able to enjoy the time away from work and from the rest of life while they turn back the clock and reduce the stress that is going on in their life.

When it comes to the relaxation therapy, there are all sorts of different methods for improving upon the way you can simply enjoy life. It is often difficult to return to work or to any other activity you have to accomplish on your own, as you have so many other tasks you have to accomplish first. With all of these tasks you have to finish off on your own you are going to find that you just don’t have the time to relax and to enjoy the time on your own. Thankfully, you have several different options available to you and a relaxation therapist is going to drastically help you out.

The relaxation therapist is going to work on all of the muscles in your body and is going to be there in order to make sure you can live in a comfortable life and to reduce the overall amount of stress you have in your body. This is something you generally are not able to do on your own, as you can’t really work on you own muscles and force relaxation. You need the assistance of a professional, and the relaxation therapy service is there to help you with all of this. This way, whether the stress is building up from work, from athletic activity or from other experiences, you are going to find the relaxation therapist is that much better than anything else you have experienced in any other corner of the globe. There is nothing worse than having to deal with stress on your own, and without the relaxation therapy service, you are going to have to. However, thankfully with the assistance of the service give to you, you can have any tense, tough area of your body worked out, and all of this is going to return your body to its natural state, so you don’t have to worry about any possible health side effects or other situations that cause you a large amount of trouble, as the relaxation therapist is designed to ensure the utmost comfort.


Psychotherapy refers to a treatment used by a trained professional to help a person who is suffering from a mental health issue. Known as talk therapy, it includes a number of psychotherapies to treat individuals with mental illness by helping them understand their disorder. It teaches the person the strategies they need to manage their symptoms and take control of their life.

During this treatment process the trained professional will develop a therapeutic relationship with the patient and discuss constructive ways to help him or her to deal with their problems. The patient learns to understand their disorder better and to manage their feelings so they can deal with their daily routines. It is goal-oriented treatment to help the person achieve the changes he or she desires.

The treatment plan can involve working solely with the individual, include their family or in a group setting with others who also have the same issues. Depending on the needs of the individual, he or she may receive one form or several forms of psychotherapies in their treatment plan.

While the list of psychotherapies available is extensive, because no two people are alike and there is no one treatment that fits all. There are some that are used more commonly among professionals for being effective forms of treatment. Here are two common types of psychotherapies used for treating people and a brief description of each:

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

A psychotherapeutic treatment used to help the individual change their negative thoughts about themselves and life around them. It is hands on approach to help the person understand how their thinking patterns affects the way they behave and how changing the way they feel can help them deal with their emotional problems. They are informed on how their thoughts and feelings can have problematic results with their relationships, their jobs, and other areas of their life. It can help the person develop coping skills that they can use in everyday situations. This form of treatment can be used on a wide-range of disorders such as depression, addictions, anxiety disorders and several others.

Rational Emotional Behavioural Therapy

Also known as REBT is a form of cognitive behavior therapy. It is used to help the person change the way they view things around them. When people have negative thoughts about themselves and things in life, they develop psychological problems that cause them mental distress. It uses a 3-step system known as the ABC model to address why people blame outside events for their unhappiness.
The steps are used to identify the negative thoughts and feelings that have created the mental distress in the person. Once identified the therapist uses a direct and logical method to help the person start changing their thoughts and behavior. It then focuses on the person acknowledging their thoughts are unhealthy but can be faced in a reasonable manner that can help them deal with difficult situations.

There are other types of psychotherapies used to treat individuals suffering from mental distress. Each patient’s treatment plan differs from another because of the various influences in their life. To understand and learn more on how these or other types of methods of treatment can help it is important to consult with a trained professional that specializes in mental health.